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GNH 1.0 vs. GNW (GNH 2.0 )

What is the difference between GNH 1.0 and GNW (GNH 2.0)?

GNH 1.0 Features   GNW (GNH 2.0) Features
Gross National Happiness Gross National Well-being (GNW) or Second Generation Gross National Happiness
 
Launched: 1972 Launched 2005
 
Phrase Coined by King Jigme Singye Wangchuck Development Framework created by Med Jones, President of International Institute of Management (inspired by the King's GNH term)
 
Country of origin: Bhutan Country of Origin: USA
 
A Political Philosophy: "Happiness of the people is more important than economic development" Applied socioeconomic policy framework advocating "Balanced development based on the cost/benefit ratio related to the mental and physical wellbeing of citizens" and a tool for measuring the performance of government agencies
 
Based on Buddhist religious and cultural  values Based on socioeconomic sciences
 
Pioneered the political philosophy concept Pioneered the policy framework and engineered the implementation tool (GNH Index)
 
Focused on spiritual and cultural values as guiding principles for socioeconomic development policies
 
Neutral to cultural and spiritual values but focused on the mental and physical well-being (health)
 
Favors spiritual and cultural values over economic development
 
Balances economic development with well-being
 
Advocates economic de-growth, if it conflicts with culture and spiritual values Does not limit growth, but advocates cost/benefit ratio analysis in a multidimensional framework to measure the impact on societal well-being including parameters such as environmental pollution, societal health and physical and mental health
 
A political philosophy stating that the four pillars of GNH are:
  1. The promotion of sustainable development
  2. Preservation and promotion of cultural values
  3. Conservation of the natural environment, and
  4. Establishment of good governance.

No measurement framework was used until 2010

The first complete and integrated socioeconomic development policy framework with specific quantitative and qualitative indictors

The metric measures socioeconomic development by tracking seven development areas. The GNH total value is proposed to be an index function of the total average per capita of the following measures:

The metric measures socioeconomic development by tracking seven development areas. The GNH total value is proposed to be an index function of the total average per capita of the following subjective and objective measures:

  1. Mental & Emotional Wellness

  2. Physical & Health Wellness

  3. Work & Income Wellness

  4. Social Relations Wellness

  5. Economic & Retirement Wellness

  6. Political & Government Wellness

  7. Living Environment Wellness

The GNH Index links government policies to life satisfaction (Subjective Well-being) via specific measures and providing integrated political, sociology and economics framework considering the cost and benefit of public policies in all relevant dimensions

 

No Index was launched until 2010. The above seven metrics were incorporated into the first Global GNH Index Survey in 2005

 

The GNH Index provided the blue print for future happiness and well-being indices. Some of the most popular indices that followed were locally customized versions of the GNH index.  To learn more, please visit Happiness Economics Timeline

Author: Alexandra Shepelinka, GNH  Institute, 2011

Sources: GNH Research Library

 

 
 

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